Tensaba Akafa Vika


The ESL/EFL classroom consists of students from diverse multilingual
backgrounds. The target language of these classes is the English language. This is because English language is the language of instruction in the classrooms. The
goal of communicative language teaching (CLT) in the 1970s was for learners to
use language for communicative competence. Thus, literature was regarded as
'unrealistic' and 'unnatural' for language teaching. However, in recent years,
there has been growing interest in applying literature in the ESL/EFL classroom.
This article explores the teaching of English through literature in the ESL/EFL
classroom, its importance, the varying views on the roles of literature in teaching English in the ESL/EFL classroom and the effect of utilizing literary genres to enhance the learning of English language. In addition, it also discusses the benefits of the use of different literary genres such as drama, novels, short stories, poems etc. Literature is considered as authentic material for teaching English in the classroom. Certainly, language teachers today can motivate leaners with authentic literary materials that will enhance communicative competence. To this end, literature has vital role to play in the teaching of English language in the ESL/EFL classroom with the variety of authentic materials available. Based on the findings, some recommendations for the use of literature in teaching English language in the ESL/EFL classroom and management sciences are presented.


ESL/EFL classroom, authentic literary materials, literature, communicative language teaching, literary genres

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International Journal of Management Science Research ISSN ISSN 2536 – 605X(Print)

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